Debt Swap Program (PIDSA)

 

The Pakistani Italian Debt Swap Agreement (PIDSA) was signed in Islamabad by the representatives of the Government of Pakistan and the Government of Italy on November 4, 2006.  The Debt Swap program has a total budget of Rs. 8.276 billion equal to about Euro 69 million[1]. The governing body of the Programmed is the Management Committeesupported by the Technical Support Unit.The Agreement foresees the utilization of the funds for buying goods and services to implement development projects aimed at the socio-economic development and/or environmental protection, reflecting the sectors of Health, Education, Agriculture and basic Infrastructure.The basic principle of the agreement is that the debt that Pakistan owes to Italy will be canceled when the funds allocated to the different development projects will be spent for the execution of the activities planned in favor of the beneficiaries.PIDSA projects were selected as a result of two calls for proposals and the Management Committee so far has approved 37 projects. The Projects are implemented by: L’Accordo di Conversione del Debito denominato PIDSA e’ stato firmato ad Islamabad il 4 Novembre 2006 dai rappresentanti dei governi del Pakistan e dell’Italia. Il Programma di Conversione del Debito ha un budget totale di Euro 69 milioni. Esso viene gestito da un Comitato di Gestione che si avvale di una Unita’ tecnica di Supporto.L’accordo prevede l’utilizzazione dei fondi per l’acquisizione di beni e servizi necessari per l’implementazione di progetti che hanno per scopo lo sviluppo socio economico e la protezione ambientale con interventi nel settore dell’Agricoltura, della Sanita’, dell’Educazione e delle Infrastrutture di base.Il principio che sta alla base dell’accordo e’ che il debito del Pakistan verso l’Italia sara’ cancellato allorche’ i fondi allocati ai vari progetti di sviluppo saranno spesi per l’esecuzione delle attivita’ pianificate in favore dei beneficiari.I progetti del PIDSA sono stati  scelti dal Comitato di Gestione tra quelli proposti da Organismi Governativi e Organizzazioni varie in risposta ai due  bandi pubblicati  sulla stampa. Fino ad oggi sono stati attivati 37 progetti . I progetti sono implementati come segue:  
Implementing Agency Percentage of Allocation Number of Projects
Public Sector

66.3

12

Italian NGO

21.3

4

International NGO

1.9

3

National NGO

9.8

18

TSU [2]

0.7

-

TOTAL

100

37

The distribution of funds by Province or by Executor  was  approved as follows: L’allocazione dei fondi per provincia o per esecutore risulta essere: 

Province

Allocation

Rs.

Allocation

EURO

%

Number of Projects

Azad Jammu & Kashmir

99,960,000

833,000

1.2

2

Balochistan

1,045,665,362

8,713,878

13.0

3

Federal Government [3]

382,183,016

3,184,858

4.7

2

Gilgit Baltistan

1,018,934,981

8,491,125

13.0

1

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa & FATA

2,402,841,066

20,023,676

29.7

12

Punjab

1,992,310,000

16,602,583

25.0

7

Sindh

896,485,452

7,470,712

11.1

6

Shared Province [4]

196,609,173

1,638,409

2.0

4

Technical Support Unit (TSU)

60,000,000

500,000

0.7

-

Total

8,094,989,050

67,458,242

100%

37

Unallocated

181,872,908

 

 

 

Grand  TOTAL

8,276,861,958

 

 

 

Areas Of Intervention Under The Debt Swap Program

 
The projects approved  aim at the socio-economic development and/or environmental protection, reflecting the sectors of Health, Education, Agriculture and basic Infrastructure as in the following table : I progetti approvati  hanno per obiettivo lo sviluppo socio-economico e/o la protezione dell’ambiente  che si estrinseca nei settori della Sanita’, dell’Educazione, dell’Agricoltura e delle infrasttrutture di base come qui sotto specificato :

Sector

Number of Projects

Allocation

Rs.

Allocation

EURO

%

Sustainable Development

8

1,028,256,036

8,568,800

12.7

Education

3

141,649,673

1,180,414

1.8

Health &Watsan

8

809,145,600

6,472,880

10.0

Infrastructure Development

14

3,958,820,244

32,990,189

49.1

Natural Resources Management

4

2,132,087,997

17,767,400

26.4

TOTAL

37

8,069,958,950

67,249,663

100 

 
For the interventions in the Health and Sanitation  sector we can mention the Kidney Centre in Karachi that provides free of charge Haemodialysis services to needy patients, the Oftalmic clinics and services established in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhua, the Centre for treatment of acid burn victims in Multan, the Bone marrow transplant unit in Islamabad for treating children suffering for Thalassemia major, the Maternal health and child care unit in Chitral and the contribution for construction of the Shaukat Khanum Cancer Hospital in Peshawar;In the agriculture, rural development and natural resources management it is worth to mention the Early Recovery of Agriculture and Livelihood Project (ERALP) implemented in Malakand (Swat) that was the first project executed after the insurgency as well as the Area Development Project for Frontier Regions implemented in a very sensitive area still suffering by the extremist threats. There are also smaller projects targeting the rural populations also providing poverty alleviation activities in very needy and remote areas.The olive crop cultivation promoted in KP, Punjab, Balochistan and FATA has  the objective to improve the livelihood conditions in marginal land areas, alleviate the poverty and reduce the edible oil import in Pakistan.The SEED (Social Economic Environment Development) project in Gilgit Baltistan is the largest Project of PIDSA with a total budget of Rs. 1.2 billion (Euro 10 million) and aims to support the operational capacity of the Central Karakoram National Park (CKNP)   providing a wide range of services to the communities living around the Park to improve their livelihoods and protect the environment.We have to mention the success story of the project Village Incubator in Mansehra where 350 women were trained to design and make marble mosaics. As result many of them started their own business. Similarly another marble mosaic activity for women was implemented in Balochistan.Among the projects dealing with  Culture and Education sector the ACT Field School project in Swat is implemented through the involvement of IDP communities in the ex insurgency areas of Swat and aims to improve the economic status of the populations living there. This project continues the historical archaeological work conducted by Italy in that valley since more than 50 years..Other important interventions are the one targeting the revitalization of the Historical Core city of Multan and the support provided to Karakoram International University (KIU) by the SEED project in Gilgit Baltistan.Many smaller interventions dealing with education are implemented in Punjab, AJK and Sindh and mainly aim to provide quality education to children in remote areas, or provide computer skills to young poor students.The infrastructural activities deal with heritage preservation and tourism, construction of schools, construction of training centres, restoring of Health Facilities, drinking water and drainage systems, reconstruction/ rehabilitation of flood damaged structures along rivers, canals, roads and bridges.

 

Per il settore Sanita’ si possono citare, ad esempio, il centro di Emodialisi di Karachi che provvede  il servizio gratuito di dialisi ai pazienti bisognosi; le cliniche Oftalmiche  che offrono  i loro servizi in Punjab e Khyber Pakhtunkhua; il centro per il trattamento delle vittime di attacchi con acido in fase di realizzazione a Multan; il Centro per il trapianto di midollo osseo ai piccoli pazienti affetti dalla Thalassemia major in Islamabad;  il contributo alla costruzione dell’ospedale per i pazienti affetti da cancro a Peshawar (Shaukat Khanum Cancer Hospital) oppure ancora il presidio sanitario rurale in Chitral per la cura delle puerpere e dei neonati.Nel settore dell’Agricoltura e della Gestione delle Risorse naturali  il progetto ERALP  (Early Recovery of Agriculture and Livelihood Project) eseguito nello Swat e’ stato il primo progetto implementato nella zona dopo la fase dell’insurrezione terroristica  come pure l’ analogo progetto eseguito nelle Frontier Regions del FATA che soffrono tuttora  per il terrorismo militante presente.  Altri progetti piu’ piccoli interessano le popolazioni rurali e  hanno per obiettivo attivita’ tese ad alleviare la poverta’ in zone molto bisognose e remote.La coltivazione dell’olivo e’ promossa attraverso un progetto in  KP, Punjab, Balochistan e FATA con il triplice scopo di migliorare le condizioni di vita nelle zone agricole marginali, di alleviare le condizioni di poverta’ e di contribuire a ridurre la importazione di oli vegetali alimentari.Il progetto SEED (Social Economic Environment Development) che viene implementato nella regione del Gilgit-Baltistan con un budget di circa 10 milioni di Euro e’ il progetto piu grande del programma PIDSA . Esso ha lo scopo di supportare la capacita’ operativa del Central Karakoram National Park (CKNP), fornendo tutta una serie di servizi alle comunita’ che vivono nelle zone limitrofe al parco  per migliorare le loro condizioni di vita e proteggere l’ambiente.E’ da menzionare il successo degli interventi fatti sotto il progetto Village in Mansehra dove 350 donne hanno imparato a eseguire mosaici usando il marmo. Molte di loro hanno iniziato una attivita’ economica in proprio. Un analogo progetto e’ stato implementato in Balocistan.Trai  progetti inerenti alla Cultura e  l’educazione,  il progetto ACT Field School  ha lo scopo di migliorare le condizioni economiche e di vita  delle comunita’ degli sfollati delle aree interessate dall’insurrezione armata nello Swat. Questo progetto  viene eseguito impiegando mano d’opera locale e continua il lavoro archeologico che l’Italia conduce nella zona da oltre 50 anni.Altri interventi importanti sono il progetto sul centro storico di Multan che ha per scopo la valorizzazione del centro storico ed il supporto dato dal progetto SEED alla Karakoram International University (KIU)  in Gilgit Baltistan.Altri progetti di piu’ piccole dimensioni si prendono cura dell’educazione dei bambini nelle zone piu’ povere e remote di AJK e Sindh oppure di addestramento di giovani disoccupati del Punjab all’uso di programmi di software professionali per favorirne il collocamento. Le attivita’ nel settore infrastrutture hanno interessato interventi nel settore turistico e preservazione del patrimonio storico, costruzione di scuole e centri di formazione tecnica, adeguamento di strutture sanitarie e la ricostruzione / riabilitazione di opere danneggiate dalle inondazioni quali arginature di fiumi o di canali, strade, ponti, acquedotti e sistemi di drenaggio. 

List of Financed Projects:

Improving Maternal and Child health Care Services in Chitral District through Public Private Partnership (PPP) Approach: download Microcredit scheme : download Construction/Up-gradation/Rehabilitation of post flood reconstruction project at Balochistan : download Development of Model Decentralized Biogas Plants in selected Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa : download Development of Stone Craft Sector for Poverty Reduction and Youth Employment : download Cure and prevention of Thalassemia Major in Pakistan : download Livelihoods Improvement Projectdownload Early Recovery of Agriculture and Livelihood Program for Conflict Affected Area of Swat) ERALP : download Area Development Project For Frontier Regions : download Establishment of Quality Education Institutions in Rural Areas of Sindh : download Friends of Literacy and Mass Education (FLAME) : download Sustainable Development through community Participation in District Haveli Azad Kashmir : download Provision of Equipment for Eye-Care Service Hospitals : download Construction of LRBT Free Secondary Eye Hospital at Odigram (Swat) : download Hafizabad Primary Schools : download Archaeology Community Tourism – Field School : download Natural Resources Based Poverty Reduction of 2200 Poor Households of Tharparkar Sindh : download Flood Restoration Work In Rahim Yar Khan Canal Circle : download Purchase & installation of CT Scan at Sughra Shafi Medical Complex (SSMC) : download SF-PIDSA Integrated Development Programme :  download Purchase & installation of CT Scan at Sughra Shafi Medical Complex (SSMC) : download Social, Economic and Environmental Development in the CKNP Region (Northern Areas, Pakistan) (SEED) : download SET-PIDSA IT Based Vocational Training : download Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital - Peshawar : download Pak-Italian Modern Burn Center and Acid Burn Victims Treatment  and Rehabilitation Unit, within the Nishtar Medical College and Hospital, Multan/ Establishment of Modern Burn Unit at Nishtar Hospital Multan (as per PC-I) : download Sohb Marble Mosaic Training Centre For Women -PIDSA : download Enabling access to affordable quality education through Centre of Excellence for under-privileged / low income group – “The Trust School”Baghrian, Green Town Lahore (TEDDS-PIDSA PROJECT) : download Providing complete diagnostic, surgery and maintenance haemodialysis treatment to deserving patients : download Village Incubator Project : download Basic Health of Mother & Child Care : download

Further documentation can be found in the Download section.


[1] 1 Euro = 120 PKR
[2] Programme Management cost
[3] Projects implemented directly by a Federal Agency in one or more provinces
[4] Project implemented in more than one province by an NGO