Olive Cultivation Program

The project “Promotion of the production and marketing of olive oil” has been financed by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and implemented by IAO (Istituto Agronomico per l’Oltremare, Italy) in close collaboration with the PODB-MINFAL (Pakistan Oilseeds Development Board - Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock). The justification of the project is the extreme burden of the bill for edible oils importation in the Pakistani balance of payments, the second absolute largest one after petroleum and its derivates and the single largest one for food items. Olive cultivation has the potential, together with other crops (sunflower, canola), to ease the extreme burden of the bill for edible oils importation in the Pakistani balance of payment. Wild olives grow in natural forests in many areas of Pakistan, and conversion of wild olives as well as the establishment of new plantations represent an important income for farmers and a good integration to their diet. A number of initiatives were attempted in the past in order to introduce olives in some areas of Pakistan, regrettably without any proper basic research or studies. The sustainable expansion of this crop is strictly linked to the selection of suitable areas as well as through the appropriate selection of cultivars, technical support and active involvement of all potential stakeholders. An assessment model was developed using an open source software platform. Through a limiting factor analysis, a set of constraint thresholds with valid range of environmental conditions were defined. The results, in terms both of maps and agronomic assessments, are presented in the publications listed in the Download section.